What is MTM in the Stock Market?
Mark to Market or MTM is just another abbreviation. It is a way of trading that has emerged in recent days. The process measures the real and fair value of different accounts that fluctuate over time. For example - assets and liabilities. The MTM method determines an institution's or companies financial situation where the current market condition matters. An Algo Trading app also functions great here. In this blog post, we are going to discuss the definition, how MTM works in the share market, its significance, and different factors to understand it well.

What Exactly is MTM?

MTM denotes mark-to-market in financial terms. The MTM process refers to the amount of any asset. The current fair value, after price and value fluctuations, works here. The Mark to Market method can determine the real and fair value of a company's financial situation. The current market situation and its effects on the company's performance also matter here. 

For example, suppose a bank or financial institution faces losses due to a bad loan. In that case, the total amount of the bad loans gets adjusted on the balance sheet. Then, it determines the company's present value, which is fair and real. This is the process called MTM or Mark to Market.
However, the same term, Mark to Market or MTM, converts to Mark to Margin based on the investing spectrum. In the case of the investment market, the process refers to the settlement of the daily gains and losses. The price changes and the asset's market value works here. The Mark to Market method is used to trade different Futures Contracts. 

The seller of the contract works to collect money from the buyer. In case the underlying asset's market price goes up, the buyer collects money from the contract's seller. MTM or Mark to Market in this process is done daily in the share market.

How Does Mark to Market (MTM) Work in the Share Market?

MTM calculates the profit or loss amount. For both futures and options contracts in the share market, MTM works great. Futures and options contracts are financial tools that help traders easily buy or sell an underlying asset. With an Options Trading app, these can be checked. Here the process is done at a predetermined price at a future date. The value of the futures or options contract is calculated and derived from the market value of the underlying asset. 

The time when a futures or options contract is initiated is used to record the value as an open position. It is stored in the trader's account. The position's value is also calculated based on the underlying asset's current market price. The price fluctuates, and the open position's value also changes. It guides on the differences between the initial and current values of the position for the unrealized profit or loss.

When a trading day ends, the exchange calculates the MTM value of all open positions. It also helps in adjusting the trader's account accordingly. If the value of the open position increases, the trader has the chance to earn a profit. In this case, the exchange also helps in crediting the account. Whereas if the value of the open position decreases, the trader experiences a loss, and the exchange debits the trader's account.

What Is MTM In the Future, and Options?

Mark To Market or MTM is a period. Here, the asset value is considered based on the market prices and determines the traders' future profit or loss status. In the financial year 2021- 2022, almost 45.24 lakh individual traders invested in futures and options. Although MTM is considered an excellent way to avoid trading risks, getting an idea of the hooks of margin trading is suggested before making footfalls here.  

MTM is mainly used for future contracts. So in the case of MTM in futures, one needs to consider the pricing amount of the contracts that often fluctuates. These fluctuations in the Market either lead to profit or losses. The MTM additionally helps by settling the Initial Margin price for profits or losses.

The mark-to-the-market calculation for options is not easily possible because it is mainly used for futures contracts and not for options. Also, the MTM calculation for options is impossible as it is a daily cash settlement calculation process. However, in this case, an Options trading app can do favors to the traders.

Significance of Mark to Market (MTM)

There are a lot of significance that MTM holds. Managing the risk in the share market through stop-loss orders is one of them. You can consider the stop-loss order a great instruction to sell a security or asset after it reaches a certain price. Traders choose these stop-loss orders because they greatly limit losses, especially when the Market moves against the position.

Suppose a trader has bought a futures contract at a certain amount; then, they expect the underlying asset's best price and want to see that it is increasing. If the asset price starts to decline, the trader can opt for a stop-loss order for the asset. If the Market reaches that level because of a stop-loss, the trader's position automatically gets sold, which helps them reduce their potential losses. 

MTM is excellent at determining margin requirements. It is used for both trading futures and options contracts. Margin requirements are the amount of money a trader needs to keep in their account to cover potential losses. The margin requirement calculation is based on the open position's value and market volatility. 

If the open position's value exceeds the available margin amount, the trader might get a margin call from the exchange. Then, they are asked to deposit additional funds to cover the potential loss amount. MTM adjusts the margin requirements besides ensuring that the traders maintain sufficient margins in their accounts.

How is MTM Calculated?

The price of a share going into the Market affects the MTM calculation. You should check the section and understand the example for an in-depth idea. Suppose you purchased shares worth Rs. 1000 from ABC Ltd. Now, guess its current MTM value is Rs 1050. It means your profit amount is Rs. 50. So, the percentage gain here is (Rs 1050 - 1000) / 1000 * 100 = 5%.

However, it is difficult to determine the current worth of different shares as the market value changes often and every second. So, it is advisable not to make investment decisions based on the MTM, or market price. With this process, you can get a clear idea of how much the trading values of stocks change over time.

Advantages of MTM in the Share Market

There are lots of advantages that the MTM in the share market brings. It works by accurately representing an asset's value. Below are the positives mentioned-

  • It reduces the chances of overhead in exchanges.
  • MTM helps traders by recording their profits and losses daily. Thus, a trader can easily buy or sell a security at any time with MTM.
  • A trader can review and monitor the performance of their investments and make better decisions for their next orders.
  • MTM is a transparent method in trade settlement; the process ensures safety and security automatically with apps. 
  • MTM not only considers the prices daily but also checks the value and liquidity of a security over time.
  • All deals are settled here easily, as no separate outstanding obligations exist.

How Does MTM Work To Manage Risk in the Share Market?

MTM is a great tool used to manage share market risk. It helps traders set stop-loss orders and works by determining the necessary margin requirements. Traders can easily determine and limit potential losses by placing stop-loss orders. It also works on adjusting the proper margin requirements based on MTM.

In addition, it ensures that the traders maintain sufficient margins in their accounts to cover the loss margins. Based on this, traders can apply better strategies and make more informed decisions.


MTM, or Mark to Market, is an excellent way to avoid risky trading. An Algo trading app can even help here. Traders here can calculate the unrealized profit or loss and take the appropriate actions to limit the losses and maximize the gains. MTM also helps traders maintain a sufficient balance in their accounts to cover potential losses. Manage your risk profile, identify an exit point, and ensure you can always stay in a safe and preferable position.

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Prachi 6 September, 2023
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